Japanese Grammar – Adverbial Form

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Japanese Grammar – Adverbial Form of Adjectives – Review Notes

Today, we will learn how to express manner of action or outcome of a change using the adverbial form of adjectives!

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today's lesson

 Today we will learn how to express manner of action or outcome of a change using the adverbial form of adjectives!

 If you haven’t learned the basics about Japanese adjectives yet, you might need to check out that lesson first! Click here!

how to

 First, we need to learn how to turn adjectives into adverbs!

 For い-adjectives (i-adjectives), just change い (i) to く (ku). For example, in adjective form: 強い気持ち (tsuyoi kimochi – strong feelings); in adverbial form:強く感じる (tsuyoku kanjiru – to feel strongly).

 For な-adjectives (na-adjectives), add instead of . For example, in adjective form: 簡単な説明 (kantan na setsumei – a simple explanation); in adverbial form:簡単に説明する (kantan ni setsumei suru – to explain simply).

clarify

 Just to clarify, adjectives modify nouns (things) and adverbs modify verbs (actions)

 The adverbial form of Japanese adjectives modify a verb indicating how an action takes place.

kyou wa hayaku okimashita

★ For example:

今日は早く起きました。

Kyou wa hayaku okimashita.

I woke up early today.

 

jouzu ni e o kakimashita

上手に絵を描きました。

Jouzu ni e o kakimashita.

I drew the picture well.

change of state

★ The adverbial form can also be used to express a change of state or outcome.

★ Adverbial form + する (suru) = “to make something or someone into”

★ Adverbial form + なる (naru) = “to become”

heya o kirei ni shimashita

部屋をきれいにしました。

Heya o kirei ni shimashita.

I made the room clean. / I cleaned the room.

heya ga kirei ni narimashita

部屋をきれいにしました。

Heya ga kirei ni narimashita.

The room became clean.

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More Example Sentences:

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来週から忙しくなるね。

Raishuu kara isogashiku naru ne.

It will get busy from next week.

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暖かくしてあげる。

Atatakaku shite ageru.

I’ll make you warm.

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クマムシ – あったかいんだからぁ♪ “Attakai’n dakara”

This song is very popular in Japan right now (March, 2015)! Listen carefully for the part where he uses the grammar we learned today! (Hint, the last example we used above!)

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Conclusion:

That’s it for today’s Japanese grammar lesson! If you have any questions, please leave a comment below!

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