Japanese Vocab: Basic Japanese Adjectives

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Japanese Vocab Lesson 15: Basic Japanese Adjectives – Review Notes

Today we learned some basic adjectives in Japanese! Adjectives are an important part of learning Japanese because they are used to describe things! Let’s go over what we learned and then we will see a list of some extra Japanese adjectives.

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Number 1:

 The first Japanese adjective we learned is 大きい (ookii).

 大きい (ookii) means BIG in Japanese.

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Example 1:

大きいがあります。

Ookii ki ga arimasu.

There is a big tree.

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Example 2:

ぷにぷに大きいです。

PuniPuni wa ookii desu.

PuniPuni is big.

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Number 2:

 The opposite of 大きい (ookii) is 小さい (chiisai)!

 小さい (chiisai) means small in Japanese.

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Example 1:

小さいがいます。

Chiisai neko ga imasu.

There is a small cat.

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Example 2:

ぷにぷに小さいです。

PuniPuni wa chiisai desu.

PuniPuni is small.

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Number 3:

 The Japanese word for fast is 速い (hayai).

 There is another adjective, 早い (hayai), that is pronounced the same way and is very similar in meaning, but has different kanji. This word means early.

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Example 1:

速いが好きです。

Hayai kuruma ga suki desu.

I like fast cars.

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Example 2:

あの速いです。

Ano kuruma wa hayai desu.

That car is fast.

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Number 4:

 The opposite of 速い (hayai) is 遅い (osoi).

 遅い (osoi) means slow in Japanese.

 遅い (osoi) can also mean late. Unlike hayai which has 2 different kanji for fast and early, Japanese use the same kanji 遅い to mean both slow and late.

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Example 1:

遅いを追い越した。

Osoi kuruma o oikoshita.

I passed a slow car.

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Example 2:

あの遅いです。

Ano kuruma wa osoi desu.

That car is slow.

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Number 5:

 The Japanese word for new is 新しい (atarashii).

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Example 1:

新しいテレビを買いました。

Atarashii terebi o kaimashita.

I bought a new television.

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Example 2:

このテレビ新しいです。

Kono terebi wa atarashii desu.

This television is new.

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Number 6:

 The opposite of 新しい (atarashii) is 古い (furui).

 古い (furui) means old in Japanese.

 This word is used only for old things, never for old people. The word old for people is 年寄り (toshiyori).

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Example 1:

古いテレビを売りました。

Furui terebi o urimashita.

I sold the old television.

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Example 2:

このテレビ古いです。

Kono terebi wa furui desu.

This television is old.

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Number 7:

 The Japanese word for bright is 明るい (akarui).

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Example 1:

明るい好きです。

Akarui iro ga suki desu.

I like bright colors.

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Example 2:

この部屋明るいです。

Kono heya wa akarui desu.

This room is bright.

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Number 8:

 The opposite of 明るい (akarui) is 暗い (kurai).

 暗い (kurai) means dark in Japanese.

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Example 1:

暗いがきらいです。

Kurai tokoro ga kirai desu.

I hate dark places.

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Example 2:

はもう暗いです。

Soto wa mō kurai desu.

It is already dark outside.

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Extra Adjective List:

長い   ながい   nagai   long

短い   みじかい  mijikai  short

高い   たかい   takai   expensive/high

安い   やすい   yasui   cheap

低い   ひくい   hikui   low

太い   ふとい   futoi    thick/fat

細い   ほそい   hosoi   thin/fine

広い   ひろい   hiroi    wide/spacious

狭い   せまい   semai   narrow

軽い   かるい   karui   light (not heavy)

重い   おもい   omoi    heavy

強い   つよい   tsuyoi     strong

弱い   よわい   yowai   weak

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Conclusion:

We learned a lot of Japanese adjectives today! But there are still many more to learn! We will be making more videos about Japanese adjectives soon so stay tuned (◕ω◕)♪

If you want to learn more about Japanese adjectives, you might be interested in this book! It includes a list of common adjectives and adverbs and explains in detail about how to use them in a sentence!

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